Tourism in Bihar
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Destinations in Bihar
Vikramshila (Buddhist Circuit in Bihar)
Buddhist Sites in Bihar : Vikramshila
Location: Near Bhagalpur, Bihar
Highlights: One of the most important centers of Tantric Buddhism in
Attractions: Vikramasila University
Vikramsila is a town situated in the state of Bihar, India. It lies at a
distance of approximately 40 km from the city of Bhagalpur. One of the
popular Buddhist destinations in India, Vikramshila cannot boast of a direct
relation with Lord Buddha. It is mainly renowned for being one of the most
significant centers of Tantric Buddhism, in the 8th century AD. It also
houses the famous Vikramasila University, the main intellectual as well as
learning center of Tantric Buddhism.
The University was built under the patronage of Dharmapala, a Pala king.
Also known as Paramasaugata (meaning, the chief worshipper of the Buddha),
he was a great follower of the Mahayana sect of Buddhism. The center of the
university once had a huge temple, adorned with a life-size copy of the
Mahabodhi tree. It is said that approximately 108 temples were constructed
around it. Out of these, almost 53 temples were dedicated to the study of
the Guhyasamaja Tantra.
The entrance of the main temple stood guarded by two brilliant statues of
Nagarjuna and Atisa Dipankar (a great scholar of the Vikramasila
University). Vikramshila also lies very close to Champanagar, another famous
Buddhist destination in Bihar.
How to reach Vikramasila
Patna airport is the nearest from Vikramasila.
The railway station is in Kahalgaon.
Vikramasila is well connected with Patna, Gaya, Bodhgaya, Bhagalpur and
Kahalgaon, by road.
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